What are Stem Cells
Stem Cell is a young, primitive and unspecialized cell with a remarkable potential to renew, differentiate and develop into any desired tissue or organ of the body.
Benefits of Stem Cells
- Stem cells are non toxic and devoid of side effects compared to its toxic drug counterparts.
- The use of stem cells for therapeutic purposes can ensure lower treatment costs and promote longer lives.
It is due to this nature that they have the potential to successfully treat a number of life threatening diseases.
There are distinct types of stem cells present in numerous tissues, the prominent ones being embryonic stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, stem cells derived from umbilical cord and cord blood, skin, teeth, gut, limbus etc.
Autologous stem cell banking like umbilical cord blood banking, i.e. stem cells obtained from umbilical cord, processed and cryo-stored for future use has gained tremendous precedence in the last decade.
Stem Cell Facts
More than 45,000 people across the world are receiving Stem Cell transplant every year. Stem Cell technology can reduce pharmaceutical R&D by 25% each year, with savings of up to US $25 million in each drug market. The first successful stem cell transplant was conducted in 1988 for Fanconi’s anemia and since then research in this field has grown by leaps and bounds. The quintessential question “what is stem cell?” seems to be finally answered.
Stem Cells are the building blocks of our body. They have the unique capability of replacing damaged cells and tissues and repairing the damage cause to the body.
What is stem cell medicine?
Stem Cells hold the potential to cure many diseases. It is because of this potential that Stem Cell research is among the most exciting areas of current medical science. It is obligatory to obtain requisite scientific information about the sources, dose and types of stem Cells to convincingly pursue thoughts of their clinical application. Stem Cells are the fountainhead of all mature cells in the body. They retain the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of different tissues. Recent studies show that Stem Cells are not restricted to one lineage, but can differentiate along different lineages when placed in the appropriate micro-environment, thus potentially opening up new vistas especially in the field of regenerative medicine.